Summary of Quran Chapter 1 Surah Al Fatiha The Opening, Hadith

    Summary of Quran Chapter 1 Surah Al Fatiha The Opening, Hadith 

    1. Introduction to Surah Al-Fatihah (The Cow) 


    (A). The subject of Surah: In this Surah, first of all, there is the expression of the feeling of gratitude which is or should be inculcated in a person of sound nature by observing the Lord Almighty, His infinite mercy, and His law of justice in the system of this universe. ۔ Then from this spirit of gratitude the spirit of devotion to God and the spirit of help which arises or should arise from it has been interpreted. Then from this movement of passion the further demand and search for guidance and direction that has arisen or should be created, has been revealed. 

    (B). The style of the surah: The style of this surah is du'aa '. But the style of speech is not to teach the addressee to pray like this, but the real prayer has been placed on our tongue, pointing to the fact that if we have good nature, then the prayer of our heart should come out of our tongue. Should Because this interpretation is given by Allah, the Creator of our nature. For this reason, no more true interpretation can be imagined. Every civilized person considers this to be the voice of his own heart. Only those who have spoiled their nature can feel any alienation from it. 

    Although Surah Al-Fatihah is one of the short surahs of the Qur'an. It has a total of seven verses, but it is the greatest surah of the Qur'an. This Surah has also been called Umm Al-Quran and is also the basis of the Quran. That is, it is the root, the basis, and the basis for the whole Qur'an. In what sense is the name Al-Fatiha? فَتَحَ يَفتَحُ means to open. Since the Qur'an begins with this Surah, it is Surah Al-Fatihah (The Opening Surah of the Qur'an). 

    One of its names is Al-Kafiyya meaning Sufficient, while one name is Al-Shafi'i meaning Healing. Secondly, note that this Surah is the first complete Surah to be revealed to Muhammad, the Messenger of God. Various verses were revealed before that. The first five verses of Surah Al-Alaq, then seven verses of Surah N or Surah Al-Qalam, then nine verses of Surah Al-Muzammil, then seven verses of Surah Al-Muddaththir and then seven verses of Surah Al-Fatihah were revealed. But this is the first complete surah that has been revealed to Muhammad, the Messenger of God. 

    Surah Al-Fatiha 1-7 Quran Chapter One 

    Surah Al-Fatihah is not only the first surah in the present order of the Holy Qur'an, but it is the first surah to be revealed in its entirety. No surah had been revealed before that. On the contrary, some verses of some Surahs came. The intention of placing this surah at the beginning of the Holy Qur'an seems to be that whoever seeks guidance from the Holy Qur'an, should first acknowledge the attributes of his Creator and Master and give thanks to Him One should seek guidance from Him like a seeker. Therefore, in it, the servants are taught the prayer that a seeker of truth should ask from Allah, that is, the prayer of the straight path. Thus, in this Surah, the supplication for a straight path has been asked, the whole Qur'an is an explanation of what that straight path is. 

    Surah Al-Fatihah has three parts 

    You can divide this blessed Surah into three parts. In the first three verses, there is praise and glorification of Allah, in the last three verses, there is a supplication to Allah, while in the fourth verse there is a covenant between the servant and his Lord. It is like a hand slack of Allah and the servant. 

    Part One: In the first three verses, man expresses the facts as far as he is concerned. These three verses together form one sentence. 

    Part Two: The second part of Surah Al-Fatihah consists of only one verse, which is the main verse of this Surah in every respect. 

    Part Three: However the middle and central verse is the statement between the servant and Allah. Which is the division between Allah and the servant. 

    Hadith on Surah Al Fatiha 

    The benefit of Surat al-Fatihah, Allah Almighty response 

    Abu Huraira reported 

    The Prophet, peace, and blessings are upon him, said, “Allah Almighty said: I have divided prayer between Myself and My servant into two halves, and My servant shall have what he has asked for. When the servant says, ‘All praise is due to Allah the Lord of the worlds,’ Allah says: My servant has praised Me. When he says, ‘The Gracious, the Merciful,’ Allah says: My servant has exalted Me. When he says, ‘The Master of the Day of Judgment,’ Allah says: My servant has glorified Me and my servant has submitted to Me. When he says, ‘You alone we worship, You alone we ask for help,’ Allah says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will have what he has asked for. When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom you have favored, not those who went astray,’ Allah says: This is for My servant, and My servant will have what he has asked for.”  

    Source: Sahih Muslim 395 Book of Prayers

    According to this hadith, Surah Al-Fatihah will be divided into three parts. The first part is for the totality of Allah and the last part is totally for the servant, while the middle and central verse is the statement between the servant and Allah. As if the first half of it is for Allah and the second half is for the servant. In this way, the division of half and a half was completed. 

    Saying Ameen at the End 

    Saying Ameen at the end of this Surah is a good way. "Ameen" means, O Allah, so be it. Since the style of this blessed Surah is supplication, at the end of the supplication, saying Amen, the servant then goes to Allah and says, “O my Lord! | I have submitted this petition to you, so accept it. 

    Disclaimer: These quotations are taken from the books of various religious scholars.

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